Acnes are one of the most common and hated skin conditions. They affect almost 50% of men and women between the age 20 and 29. There are hundreds of treatment options available to clear or reduce the severity of acnes. Yet, very few of these treatments have proven their effectiveness against severe acnes that often leave scars behind.
According to a recent study, the laser which is typically used in the process of tattoo removal can also help in treating facial scarring from acne inflammation. In the study, the researchers have experimented with a new device, called a fractional ablative laser, on 17 patients with facial acne scars. The researchers applied the laser to the patients’ faces a total of six times, with the sessions lasting from four to eight weeks. Every session took somewhere around 10 and 15 minutes.
The researchers found that even the individuals who had severe acne scars appeared to be satisfied with the outcomes. The patients’ scars were enhanced up to 50% one month after their last treatment, and the improvement has remained for the following three months, as demonstrated in photographs taken prior and after the treatment.
Currently, the most widely used treatment for severe scaring is the fractional ablative laser, which is harsher on the skin than the laser used in the study. After the fractional ablative laser procedures, it takes patients about a month to recuperate.
Both lasers, nonetheless, are considered good for skin acne scarring treatment. However which one is superior to the other is a decision that can only be determined based on the patients’ skin type and the severity of their acne.
Resveratrol is a cancer prevention substance found in grapes and wine. A recent study has shown that Resveratrol can prevent the growth of the bacteria that causes skin breakout. It was also observed in the study that combining resveratrol with a typical skin inflammation medicine, benzoyl peroxide, can significantly enhance the drug’s ability to kill the bacteria.
Based on the study findings, when Resveratrol and benzoyl peroxide are combined, they reinforce and improve the capability of each other and also help maintain their battle against microbes for extended period time of time. Resveratrol is the same substance that has prompted some doctors to prescribe red wine for old people due to its heart-wellbeing properties.
A new method for acne treatment that utilizes nanotechnology has been developed at UC Santa Barbara, US. The method works by conveying gold-covered silica nanoparticles subdermally (under the skin). The unique property of these nano-particles is that when a laser is shined upon on them, they convert light into heat. After they heat up, they effectively burn out the overproductive sebaceous gland where acnes form. The excess sebum is then eventually excreted from the skin pore.
Unlike most acne treatment, this method doesn’t cause any pain or irritation and. It also bears no risks of developing bacterial resistance. The treatment, which is mainly focus on severe acne cases, has already been tested on a number of patients. However, it is still awaiting the approval of regulators before it become commercially available.
Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
Photodynamic treatment (PDT) is a therapeutic treatment that uses photosensitizing particles which compose a drug that becomes activated when exposed to light. Abnormal skin growths called actinic keratoses as well as different types of skin diseases can be treated with PDT. Acne is one of them.
The PDT procedures can be effortlessly performed in a physician’s office or outpatient setting.
PDT basically has three stages. It starts by administering a photosensitizer as a cream, liquid, or intravenously. At times, the photosensitizing particle that is as of now a piece of the body can be activated. Second, there is a brooding time of minutes to days. At last, the target tissue is then exposed to a particular wavelength of light that then initiates the photosensitizing medicine.
Currently, the main limitation of the PDT techniques is the limited depth of penetration of the light as well as their ability to target cells within at most 1 cm of the light source. Hence, tumors or abnormal growths must be close to the surface of the skin for the PDT treatment to be effective.
Isotretinoin is a drug primary used clear severe acne when other treatments fail. It’s prescribed as pills that when taking are expected to permanently clear the skin from acnes. One treatment normally lasts from 4 to 5 months depending on the dose of isotretinoin prescribed by the dermatologist. If a dermatologist prescribes a lower dose of isotretinoin, the treatment then may last longer.
About 85% of acne patients see permanent clearing after one treatment. Though very effect, isotretinoin is associated with some serious side effects. Thus, dermatologists are expeted to carefully evaluate each patient’s acne severity as well as medical history. Often they weigh the pros and cons before prescribing the drug. They then carefully monitor the patient’s heeling after prescribing the medicine.